Jian Wang, Huiqin Wu, Yan Chen | International Journal of Production Economics
Made in China 2025 is the Chinese version of Industry 4.0 and has the aim of enhancing the country’s manufacturing capabilities. Different from Industry 4.0, Made in China 2025 has had a weak starting point and is facing the challenge of improving several competitive capabilities simultaneously, i.e., innovation, quality, ecology, etc. Hundreds of policies have been released without a structured or systematic priority, design or promotion. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the policies of Made in China 2025, focusing on the relationships between competitive capabilities and action plans in manufacturing. We analyze how the action plans contribute to capability improvement, utilizing a strategy formulation model associated with the forward process and feedback process. A new method, which we called the Reverse Quality Function Deployment, is proposed to complete the analysis of the feedback process. The results show that different competitive capabilities have been given different priorities in the policies. We find that there are some gaps when comparing our results to the targets of Made in China 2025. How to close the gaps was analyzed with the application of the new method. Several suggestions on the implementation of Made in China 2025 are proposed, which can also be applied to the manufacturing strategy decisions in other developing countries.