Systematic Review of Research on Artificial Intelligence Applications in Higher Education – Where Are the Educators? – International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education – article

Systematic Review of Research on Artificial Intelligence Applications in Higher Education – Where Are the Educators?

Olaf Zawacki-Richter, Victoria I. Marín, Melissa Bond, Franziska Gouverneur | International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education

2019-10-23

In many European democracies, political punditry has highlighted the attempts of political parties on the left to court the “lavender vote” of lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals. This article examines the presence of a gay vote in Western Europe with a focus on assessing the role of sexuality in shaping individuals’ political preferences and voting behaviour. Empirically, the effect of sexuality on both ideological identification as well as party vote choice is analysed. Using a cumulative dataset of eight rounds of the European Social Survey between 2002–2017, this article demonstrates that partnered lesbians and gay men are more likely than comparable heterosexuals to identify with the left, support leftist policy objectives, and vote for left‐of‐centre political parties. The analysis represents the first empirical cross‐national European study of the voting behaviour of homosexual individuals and sheds new light on the importance of sexuality as a predictor of political ideology and voting behaviour within the Western European context

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