Annegret Bendiek, Eva Pander Maat | German Institute for International and Security Affairs
Over the last few years, with rapid population growth in the biggest cities of the world, issues like air pollution, water scarcity, and intense traffic conditions, have become more evident. Trying to mitigate them, the concept of Smart City was presented, which uses technology and human resources to manage urban resources in a sustainable manner. As new scientific researches about this phenomenon are being carried out, the importance of both human and technological resources remain implicit in the development of Smart Cities. But, it is not clear what role is occupied in the different stages of evolution, which leads a city to be considered Smart. Given this context, in this paper we used the SLR method to analyze scientific publications, and thus to determine what is the role of the human factor, represented by people, and technological, represented by sensors, in the development of smart cities. We also created the overview of the scientific research, and can identify the most and least studied areas among those addressed in this study.