Denise N. Obinna | Latino Studies
El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras account for some of the most consequential migration streams in the Western Hemisphere. They are some of the largest contributors to Latino migration in the United States. Fleeing political persecution, gang violence, poverty and natural disasters, migrants are often desperate for social and economic stability. As migration from the region continues, legislation in the United States has grown more punitive and unforgiving. Amid hardline stances taken by the Trump administration, the revocation of temporary protected status and denials of asylum, this essay evaluates the complicated emigration from these three countries. It also evaluates the role of Mexico as a country of transit migration and settlement. Using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (5-year estimates) and the Atlas of Rural and Small-Town America, this work also evaluates the settlement patterns of migrants as they settle in the United States.